NON-CHEMICAL WATER TREATMENT FILTERS SOFTENERS
130 Crossfield Drive
Versailles, KY 40383
859.873.7909 (office)
859.873.2195 (fax)
Authorized Independent Kinetico Dealer
think: Clean & Safe Private Water

An introduction to private water wells and cisterns.

Wells & Cisterns
Private Drinking Water Wells
If your family gets drinking water from a private well, do you know if your water is safe to drink? What health risks could you and your family face? Where can you go for help or advice?

There are three types of private drinking water wells: dug, driven, and drilled. See the three links below for an explanation and graphic of the types of wells: dug, driven and drilled.

Proper well construction and continued maintenance are keys to the safety of your water supply. Your state water-well contractor licensing agency, local health department, or Karsare (your local water system professional) can provide information on well construction.

The well should be located so rainwater flows away from it. Rainwater can pick up harmful bacteria and chemicals on the land’s surface. If this water pools near your well, it can seep into it, potentially causing health problems. For more information about installation and maintenance of safe private drinking water wells, visit the EPA website. Read on to see the following systems that Karsare can install to protect your water.

Sulfur Guard Water Filter

While other solutions out there require multiple stages of expensive, cumbersome, high-maintenance equipment, a Kinetico Sulfur Guard System takes care of hydrogen sulfide problems all in a single, easily maintained unit.

Twin tank design allows our system to backwash without ever going offline for around the clock operation.

Non-electric - only Kinetico uses the power of moving water to power its system instead of electricity - thanks to our patented Turbine.

Metered Rinse - metered water use to accurately determine when its time to regenerate with watch-like precision, resulting in less waste and greater savings.

Open Air Systems
*Call Karsare for more information on any of the above products, installation or maintenance of your well or cistern.

Home and business owners enjoy the Open-Air Systems because of the inexpensive operation and simple maintenance. They combines aeration, chlorination, and degasification all in one simple package.

The Open-Air system increases your water quality. An increase in water quality reduces your maintenance cost on all appliances that utilize water. Ice makers, dish washers, washers, water heaters, and every faucet in the house are affected by water quality.

If you live on a farm, you'll enjoy even more added benefits. Many open air customers agree the Open-Air system kills algae and bacteria in water tanks which increases total herd health. Increased herd health reduces medication cost and increases overall production.

According the the World Health Organization, disinfection by chlorine is still the best guarantee of microbiologically safe water (W1-10 Regional Office for Europe, Drinking Water Disinfection).

"Microbiologically unsafe water- water that 1) is known to contain disease-causing bacteria, viruses, protozoa, or other disease-causing microbiological agents, or 2) shows a positive test for an indicator organism such as coliform, fecal coliform, or E. coli bacteria, or 3) is determined unsafe by an appropriate health or regulatory agency." (WQA, Glossary of Term, Fourth Edition)

By using the Open-Air System to oxidize iron for sprinkler systems, it will reduce up to 85% of iron staining and will reduce troublesome sprinkler head clogs.

UV Lights

It is proven scientifically that 85% of child sickness and 65% of adult diseases are produced by water-borne viruses, bacteria and intestinal protozoa such as Cryptosporidium and Giardia. Inappropriate water treatment can lead to heath problems - hepatitis B, tuberculosis, meningitis, typhoid fever, tricomoniasis, and cholera, glaucoma, gastrointestinal pain, salmonella, poliovirus, and diarrhea. In North America, E.coli O157:H7, an extremely dangerous strain of E.coli bacteria, infects more than 80,000 people annually. Fortunately, E.coli O157:H7 is easily inactivated by UV light.

Disinfecting your drinking water with ultraviolet light (UV) makes good sense. It's environmentally safe, it's well proven, and it's the way of the future for water disinfection requirements around the globe.

Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection uses a UV light source, which is enclosed in a transparent protective sleeve. It is mounted so that water can pass through a flow chamber, and UV rays are admitted and absorbed into the stream. When ultraviolet energy is absorbed by the reproductive mechanisms of bacteria and viruses, the genetic material (DNA/RNA) is rearranged and they can no longer reproduce. They are therefore considered dead and the risk of disease has been eliminated.

UV-rays are energy-rich electromagnetic rays that are found in the natural spectrum of the sunlight. They are in the range of the invisible short wave light having a wavelength ranging from 100 to 400 nm (1 nanometre = 10-9m).

Cisterns
A cistern is basically a water reservoir of any kind which is used to accumulate and store water for future use. Cisterns are usually constructed close to the building which will use their water, sometimes even inside it. Traditionally and still in some parts of the world people direct roof runoff from the rainy season into a cistern where it is stored for use during dry periods. Water from a cistern is typically pumped out by hand, drained by gravity, or it may be pumped by an electric pump such as a one line jet pump.

Advice for using Cisterns for Water Supply
  • Safety: be sure the cistern is of sound construction and that it is safely covered or protected from someone falling into the cistern or from a child climbing into it.
  • Direct roof runoff, not surface runoff, into the cistern. Some clever roof runoff management systems direct the first roof runoff onto the ground, permitting dust and debris from the roof surface to be disposed-of before the remaining roof runoff is directed into the cistern for water storage. Other water sources may be used to supply cisterns, including even local or municipal water supplies. In this case the cistern is being used as a backup or off-peak water supply source.
  • Do not assume that water stored in a cistern is potable prior to filtering and treatment. The water should be tested for contaminants before used for drinking; it's fine to use cistern water for watering plants or lawns if that water usage is suitable and permitted by other conditions.
  • Do not install an open, un-covered cistern in a building where moisture from the cistern could cause a mold or rot problem.
  • Provide access to the cistern for inspection and cleaning
  • Pumps for cisterns: if you intend to rely on an electrical pump to move water from the cistern to its point of use during bad weather and possible power outage your pump will need a backup source of electricity.